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ªNÅú ï Ê[¼ 12 ¼ 5 ú2016 N 9  CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCHVol. 12 No. 5September 2016doi10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2016.037† z  . ‡ p¯Å™ÑÐT¦Œ_ | [J]. ªNÅú ï Ê[ , 2016, 12 5 357-365‡ p¯Å™ÑÐT¦Œ_ |† z  þ ‡ p ªNų º p4¾ ‡ § Ì4jÑ[È_“ . § Ì ì ¦CòLw°2 1992 NZW ô‡T ªNÅ € P Ä\0 fì Å\È ‡ pY 8[ ‡UŒ ªNŦ Êò 2015 N 12Xõ ¦Ù Ô ªw÷ïsïyèÈ “ ì  2020 N« ‡ pŒ ªNÅ¦Ê ú T Ž¦ ÆÈ }] Ê ‡ p‡UŒ ªNŦ Êò ‡ pŒ ªNÅ0¯™¦ à šÈÐTÄÝ 7÷[¦[U _ æB }Â4Øw–ZcÀwÑD6 Ùú ïÐÈ Ù211195L2Ö Ù Ôyè “ ì  2020 N« ‡ p ªÎ ÙŽ ÆÈ ý “  ‡ pŒ ªNÅÊ ú TÈ } GÏX ¹T· Ý 7[[U¦¯™Èx Ê ø9¦ë  NëÈ] Ê÷4Â[U io[U¦õ NÈ Ê8] Ê § Ì÷Ôýš¯þÔ ý4Ô ýN ‡ p¯™¦ Æ èšÈ }ØÒX ¹T· Ý 7 ¹_ 0¦ ê›í ÐT\4Ô ý z“º¸ Èí t å¯[ _ æÈ “ 춧¶ ð¦T F2÷ ¦ g „0È W Ú qŽ¦©p8ãëÄŽ ø W4 ø[¦ c X“ .ЪNÅú ï Ê[364 2016 Nðx Êô¨ ³ ÀëÈx ÊÂ5ÊsÈ2UÛ| ¦ Œ«W; È }¶ ðx Ê Ý 7[¦¯™Ÿ 2020 NQ¸Èþ‡ Ë¦Õ | CO2‡cŒsŸƒµÈ Ê Ç e5Û[¦Ž©È jº ‡T 2030 NQ¸ CO2‡csƒ80I r ìŽÉ0 Ý 7™¦î “ 5ÈÐT Ý 7[_÷ Œ ÇïÍЪm ÇK]ïºT ”X2¦Ú6\12X ¹€œõ§ T ÷m ÇÄ GNIÅ ¤ ÝÄtºÛm ÇÐÛm ÇЯm Ç ¯m Ç 4 ÌT FÈ TÜ[ ÿ O¸•NÅƒÙÈ 2014 N Ê ÇЯm Ǧ0L_ 1045 ÆîÈÐÛm Ç0L_ 4125 ÆîÈÛm Ç0Lº 12736 Æî\13 X ¹€œ 2007 N5Ъm ÇK]¦ÁRÈ_¸CòT F Ê ÇЪm Ǥ Ý«È Ý 7ÊÐ ¥/ÁUÍÈÊ úƒ sŸÛm ÇT F¤ ÝÈj  C  Ý 7÷Ú6 Ð\Ù®õTª ™ ÆT F •ñ ‡ Eªë 3ñT FºW 1960 N 101òЪm ÇT F º vÐÈŸ 2008N»¶ 13 òT F º v Ê ÇÛm ÇT Fœ \13-14Ъm ÇK] îŽ CÖ õSj¦DaÈ ñzÑ6”°ÈóT g „ƒ ÑNȍ¶CÅ_wF «¦È ¯¯m ǟЪm Ǧ[ ©È÷2H M ¹ï ðª4Â2Îh Ç f‡ 0¦¯ï •gÈ8¯Ðªm Ç Ê ÇÛm Ç ©È¯À¯ï«¦ ß Â ³¦Ù 7 *È6´2H M8Ž {ïÈ5Û9‡4Â2Πr¯¯m ǟЪm Ǧ[_ | [[UƒbŒÐªm ÇÛm Ç  Ê ©È8 Œ ÇЪm ÇK]6Ÿ_zº  Ý 7÷9Æ ÆÑ Ý 7[[U Á¶MDõ ¦Ù NÈQ [ DŽ¦ {ï ð8KÀUÍ\12-15ÐTÀë 8c\È Ý 7 zÏÊÈ 1997 N §T ÷m ÇsŸ 785 ÆîÈÒWX ¹€œ“IЯm Ǥ Ý0L¦ 755 Æîȯ¯m ÇT F Ê ÇЪm ÇT Fœ  2010 Ns 4400 ÆîÈÒW“IÐÛm ÇT F0L¦ 3976 Æî 2014 Ns 7476 ÆîȺÛm ÇT F¤ Ý0Lµ Ä 12736 ÆîÅ ¦ 58.7\12-13À“ .[ uÈè ú 2025 N .ÐT W Ê ÇÛm ÇT Fœ ÐT“ .D  ̼Ъm ÇT FÛm Ǥ Ý u ©D¦Ú6È Ã Ý 7[ {ï ðƒA DŽ¦ Ý 7ÊÅ ¹ï ðï 7÷t ¦ƒª Ú6È ì Œ ÇЪm ÇK]¦H_  C_w •Ðªm ÇT FCÈ Ê ÇЪm Ǥ Ý ©ï‘©¦øH ¡™h {ï™Zc •g¦[[UYƒ WüÄÈB· f[_ | [[UÈ 8Ž {ï e5Ûø ¬™Í ã º™¦Ž™[ _ æ“ . ‡pŒ ªNů™¦w à0È e5Û¦ t å¯[ _ æzOÈ Uü8Ž {ï¯[ÈB }ïºÐT uЪm ÇK]¦ï® _È W8v0 Ý 7Ê ÍãÀ CO2i ‡¦ ”  ì „_ÐT¯ Ý 7wTNº Ý 7 TÈ T ê› ðÈj ‡ pÍãÎ ÙÐé 6 U©È9DwT4 ª “¦_|Ë5– JÔEô‡T ªNÅ € PÀ[w÷ . Ù Ôyè [R/OL]. 2015-12-12[2016-01-03]. http//unfccc.int/resource/docs/2015/cop21/chi/l09r01c.pdf† z  . ÐT øë ѯ[¦_ |Ë5 [J]. ôrwÑÑ Ñ÷ TÑò , 2015, 68 1 1-18ô‡T WüÄ[w÷ . â Í­¦Ä[R]. Û ¤ T , 2012† z  , ®g , “ . Ž ª Ý 7Ѧú ï ª [* [J]. ÐT§ høÑÍ ã , 2014, 24 8 1-8® Û Ý Û Âø , g9À , åé b . ¼ ÙRþë  [M].  ٠Бò , 2009† z  . Ž™ ø9ë _Z4Ô ý¦B¯® _ [J]. ÐTºÊ wÑÑ ÷ TÑò , 2014, 14 2 1-10T FÀ¿ . ÅŒ ªNÅœï ÐTT F2÷ E [R].  Ù ÐT ªª , 2015ÐTe  . ÐTe N l 2015 [M].  Ù ÐTe ò , 2015IEA Statistics. CO2emission from fuel combustion 2015 [R]. Paris IEAPublications. Rue de la Federation, 2015† z  . CO2‡cƒµt ÐT¦ i ‡ Tѧ [J]. ÐT § høÑÍ ã , 2013, 23 12 1-9IPCC. Climate change 2014 summary for policymakers [M]. Cambridge[1][2][5][4][6][7][8][9][10][11][3]ĺ p Ä ¤† z Ö ‡ p¯Å™ÑÐT¦Œ_ |5 ú 365Global Low-Carbon Transition and China’s Response StrategiesResearch Center for Contemporary Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, ChinaAbstract The Paris Agreement establishes a new mechanism for post-2020 global climate governance, and setslong-term goals for global response to climate change, which will accelerate worldwide low-carbon transationof economic development pattern, promote the revolutionary re of energy system, boost a fundamental changein the mode of social production and consumption, and further the civilization of human society from industrialcivilization to ecological civilization. The urgency of global low-carbon transition will reshape the competitionsituation of world’s economy, trade and technology. Taking the construction of ecological civilization as a guide,China explores green and low-carbon development paths, establishes ambitious intended nationally determinedcontribution INDC targets and action plans, advances energy production and consumption revolution, and speedsup the transation of economic development pattern. These strategies and actions not only confirm to the trendof the world low-carbon transition, but also meet the intrinsic requirements for easing the domestic resources andenvironment constraints and realizing sustainable development. They are multi-win-win strategies for promotionof economic development and environmental protection and mitigation of carbon emissions. China should takethe global long-term emission reduction targets as a guide, and ulate medium and long-term low-carbondevelopment strategy, build the core competitiveness of low-carbon advanced technology and development pattern,and take an in-depth part in global governance so as to reflect the responsibility of China as a great power inconstructing human fate unity and addressing global ecological crisis.Key words climate change; low-carbon transation; energy revolution; CO2emission reductionHe JiankunCambridge University Press, 2014†lS . 4Ô ý¸ 0ÐTÊ ú¯[ _ æú ï [S].  Ù cÀwÑqWÑË ƒÔ , 2015X ¹€œ . 2014 NX ¹[â [M].  Ù cÀwÑò , 2015[12][13][14][15]X ¹€œ , Tþ[ú ïА . 2030 N¦ÐT z“DÅ  ¶80 ð¦Ûm Ç÷ [R].  Ù , 2015” ± [ . Ъm ÇK]¦ Ù ƒ Ýэ [J]. Ý 7Ñï , 2011,12 4-9
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