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ªeNÅwww.climatechange.cnªNÅú ï Ê[¼ 12 ¼ 4 ú2016 N 7  CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCHVol. 12 No. 4July 2016doi10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2015.194¸ Ýà , ¸ ú , ø , ª . vØ ª U REMO ÐT Ò ‡¤  F ð¦ à [J]. ªNÅú ï Ê[ , 2016, 12 4 286-293vØ ª USFNPÐT Ò ‡¤ F ð¦ ภÝÃ2ȸ ú3È ø2È ArmelleReca C. Remedio4ÈDmitry V. Sein5È Nikolay Koldunov4È Daniela Jacob4 þ vØ ª U_ú ï¶L vØ ª NŦØ2þ Èò ¶ ¡ÛtP rÈ  ¡{ºR™ºš ºW „È º è ¦ ª,™ ¶ ¡{¦  F ðÈ  ¹ ‡ p ª U 5\tP¦ vئ Ò ‡¤ª2ΦNÅ,™ÈzO  F vØ ªNÅ,™ È vØ ª U¡ ‡ p ª U ¶ ýB«ÐTº*ëñ 2 vÈ ºš° ª NÈ ‡p ª UÐT ª¦  FÏj ¡w ˶\1ÈQ¥ vØ ª U¦Œ©ø GØ2 W 20X A 90 N2 3 Ù‘þòwÑ a žã‡ØÅMj0 ªÑÍ ãNÅT ‡U ô‡Mj0 aèè ßÑ ày8ŽÐ0 Åú ïÑŒ©ÐÈ 3 Ù3211553 Ë9 a È 3 Ù3211194Climate Service Center Germany GERICS, Hamburg 20095, German5Alfred Wegener Institute AWI, Bremerhaven 27568, GermanL2Ö ‘©ý Án ˶tªe [FÈ àt ¤T vØ ª UÄ REMOÅ ÐT 1989 2008 N Ò ‡¤¦  F ð ³UW ýÖ REMO Ò  FµÑ5ªµ c XN2•º 0.94È ‡¤ c XN2• ¡¯Ä 0.42Å È Ò  F ³U ýB«À ‡¤W c X ˶ BÈÐTw‡tº vÈ REMO  F¦ ÒÛÀ5ªµÈ ˶ 4 F\ È  Ûñ9¶ ýB¦. 4 . 2 F¦ Р˶  F¦ ‡¤µ6ÛÀ5ªµÈ c X ˶t„ ¡  È ÐTw‡tº v ˶ 300 mm®   ÛñÀ 3  3º v”È REMO ¡ “ºR™ÐT Ò ‡¤¦ c Xt„,™È ÐÀ ëºv  FsUL{ REMO2 2 Ò ì 2 ‡¤¦  F ðN ¡{ REMOºš š ¡wº v¦  F ð¶5Û2 pNÖ vØ ª UÄ REMOÅ  Ò ‡¤  F ð àmá ± úÖ 2015-11-13 ªî ± úÖ 2015-12-24ú\ Ö T F2 — TÑ  Â\ Ä 41371095 91337218Å  Ë9 a  N Tú  Â\ Ä Q201517ÅU f »Ö ¸ ÝÃÈ 4È „È xujwcma.gov.cn 8TÈT ” 8T Çú ï vØ ª U\2-6ÈD¶¦ vØ ª U÷2¶Ö ÆT¦ RegCM WRFRAMSÈ ÐT¦ RIEMS BCC-RegCMÈ ±¦ MRIÈÐw çñ¦ DARLAM\ ¤T¦ REMO ¤T¦ vØ ª U REMOƒ È W©À ª  FÈÏ W©À èÈzO yÞ\ ñCuT FY¥ŸXŒ©\7-8 gˆ ª\9} REMOÄ 2002 òÅŒ©Ÿëñº vÈ ÝW  F àDÖ REMO  ¡{º  Fëñº vÛ¯ c¦w Í A,™ ‡¤¦ c Xt„Èj ¡{ºR™ ‡¤¦ 2 ¬NÅ ÷2 ‡¤ uÈ2 2 ‡¤  F Ë Èò vØ Ý ¦ ‡¤ ˶º 18 Lucas-Picher ª\10ç©www.climatechange.cn¸ ÝÃ黅 vØ ª U REMO ÐT Ò ‡¤  F ð¦ à4 ú 287REMOÄ 2009 òÅ  F  1981 2000 N‡2 2 ‡¤ÈD  Ûñë 3‡‹“º v  • ™ï ÷ žÐ  F¦ ‡¤ ýB Ë  Jacob ª\11ç©REMOÄ 2009 òÅ  F eÞ yÞ Æ 3 Æ3ñ ºÐ[º v¦ ª,™È Ð 3ñ  F vØd âT‡‡tº vÈD REMO ¡ˆMº F 3ñ Ò ‡¤¦ NÍ ƒ 2 ¬ X¦ ª,™ .LŽò REMOÄ 2011òÅ  îŽ[ eI ¹ cÿ ÙWò c  ‡ÙFÄ isopycnal diffusionÅ ‡¤ Ý AÙF Ä rain advectionÅ ª[ ìü¶ Ž¦À Ê\12È LŽò REMOÐT¦  F ðú ï .º eº à « ÅÈW85ø WM¦ÐTº v¦ ªNÅ‘È Ô }LŽò Ä 2011òÅ vØ ª U REMO oRŒ©ÀÐTÈ  F 19892008 NºW Ò ‡¤È j2Mª   ¿ UÐT  ª¦  F ð REMO F ð¦ à ³UÈ Wºâ Í ÊC z ìÀ Ê [ vØ ª U5 TÑHȺ à ªNÅÍ ã Ý 7[¦–Z5§ë\132  [F2/2  U »5ª 2ÀT F a‘А 19892008N 50 km 50 kmÐT Ò ‡¤5ªíÅ•È¿•Xý ÷ žÈАµÒW 8F  Ûñ9¶ ýB¦. 4 . 2F¦ Ð Ë¶È Ð  Ûñë 3‡Cuº v Р˶ µÒW 6 F¯O W oÈ REMO ¡ “ºR™n 2 1989 2008 N a 5ªºW Òt„ b REMO  FºW ÒÑ5ª ˶Fig. 2 Observed annual mean near surface air temperature a, the difference between REMO simulation and observations b forthe period of 1989.200850C N40C N30C N20C N45C N35C N25C N80C E90C E 100C E110C E 120C E 130C E 80C E90C E 100C E110C E 120C E 130C E50C N40C N30C N20C N45C N35C N25C N2520151050.5.10.157.52.55.01.0.1.0.2.5.5.0.7.5a bF FÐTºW Ò¦ c Xt„,™È„‡¤  Jacobª\11¦ ³UÖ REMO  ¡ “ºRŒ 3ñº vºW Ò¦ ª,™Wº 2 N Ý Ò  F ˶Än 3Å W\ BÈ ì 2 Ò Ë¶LwÈ 2 2 Ò Ë¶Lm  m2 ˶Än |Å »Àì2 2® XÈO÷2tì2 2 ˶Wì 2  F ˶nÄn 3cÅ W\ BÈÐTw‡tº vÈ REMO  F ÒµÛÀ5n 3 1989 2008 N Ý ì 2 a2 2 b 5ª Ò REMO  F ÒÑ5ª ³U¦ì 2 ˶ c  2 2 ˶ dFig. 3 Observed seasonal mean near surface air temperature for winter a and summer b, the difference between the REMOsimulation and observations for winter c and summer d for the period of 1989.200850C N40C N30C N20C N45C N35C N25C N80C E90C E 100C E110C E 120C E 130C Ea ì 250C N40C N30C N20C N45C N35C N25C N80C E90C E 100C E110C E 120C E 130C Ec ì 2 ˶50C N40C N30C N20C N45C N35C N25C N80C E90C E 100C E110C E 120C E 130C Eb 2 250C N40C N30C N20C N45C N35C N25C N80C E90C E 100C E110C E 120C E 130C Ed 2 2 ˶129630.3F.6.9.12.15.18.21.24272421181512F96307.55.02.51.0.1.0F.2.5.5.0.7.57.55.02.51.0.1.0F.2.5.5.0.7.5www.climatechange.cn¸ ÝÃ黅 vØ ª U REMO ÐT Ò ‡¤  F ð¦ à4 ú 289ªµÈ9ðD q Ë¶È Ë¶t„2 ¡  ÈÜ‹\ 3 Ê \w‡tº v q ˶ ¡mÈ  m 2 ¬ ˶µì2 2® XWì 2  F ˶Än 7cÅ Ð W\ BÖ À 3º vÈ REMO ¶. 25 mm ¦ ˶ÈÐT ñw‡tº vÈ REMO  F ‡¤µÛÀ5ªµÈóòºv Ý ‡¤ ˶º 0 100 mm   Ûñ 3‡ ë 3‡¦‹“º v ˶LwÈАµÛs 200 mm„« ý¤  A¦ g „0ÈÛ[Úº v REMO F ‡¤ ³Uºš šWÀ úÌW2 2 ‡¤ ˶nB Än 7dÅ È 2 2 ‡¤ ˶t„2 ¡°È9 ðDŸ ˶ÈÀë º v¦ ˶º 0 50 mmÈ  Ûñ 3‡Ÿ ˶n 7 1989 2008 Nì 2 a2 2 b 5ª N Ý ‡¤ ì 2 c2 2 d REMO  F N Ý ‡¤ Ñ5ª ³U¦ ˶Fig. 7 Observed seasonal mean total precipitation for winter a and summer b, and the difference between REMO andobservations for winter c and summer d for the period of 1989.200850C N40C N30C N20C N45C N35C N25C N80C E 90C E 100C E110C E 120C E 130C Ea ì 2 Ý ‡¤ 50C N40C N30C N20C N45C N35C N25C N80C E90C E 100C E 110C E 120C E 130C Ec ì 2 REMO  FÑ5ª¦ ˶50C N40C N30C N20C N45C N35C N25C N80C E90C E 100C E110C E 120C E 130C Eb 2 2 Ý ‡¤ 50C N40C N30C N20C N45C N35C N25C N80C E90C E 100C E110C E 120C E 130C Ed 2 2 REMO  FÑ5ª¦ ˶mm50302015105321mm2252001751501251007550251005025.25.50mm.100.150.2002001501005025.25.50mm.100.150.200200150www.climatechange.cn¸ ÝÃ黅 vØ ª U REMO ÐT Ò ‡¤  F ð¦ à4 ú 291¡wÈ÷2t„À  Ûñë 3‡ I÷2¤ Z¢ È CIËÀ 85C  95C EC| • ™ï ÷Ð‡È 7”CIËÀÛñº ¡¯¦ë‡ ë 3‡‹“º vÈА ˶µÛÀ 200 mmÈ„Ñ Lucas-Picher ª\10ç© REMOú ï 19812000 N‡2 2 ‡¤IÈ F  Ûñº v ‡¤¦ ˶µN Ît 2  ü –Z ¡w¦À 3º vðD¶ Ë¶È Ð ÃÝ÷œ¹Îº v¦¶ ˶ µÒW 100 mmW m 2 ‡¤  F ˶BÄn |Å È ÐTw‡tº vÈ REMO  F ‡¤ðDŸ ˶Ÿ ˶vØ\  Ûñë 3‡  MÛñºÐë[ýý ÷ žD¶ ˶ Ä. 50 mmÅ È Ê\ 3[º vD¶ ˶Ä. 50 mmÅ 2 ¡º 2 ‡¤  F ˶—ÈDì 2 ˶µLm2 2 ˶µLwÈ« ý REMO ÐTì 2 ‡¤¦  F ð ¡{2 2 ‡¤¦  F ðN ¡¶È  Ûñº vº 2 ºŸ ˶Ȯ Ûñë‡ ë 3‡‹“º v¹ ÎÈ REMO  ‡¤¦  F ˶N ¡w ç© 1989 2008 N REMO  F ‡¤µ Œ5ªµ Ù ‡Tº 2 Ý ‡¤ È¥Ÿ REMOÑ5ªº 2 ‡¤NÅnÄn 8Å Wº 2 ‡¤NÅBÈREMO  Fµ9ÛÀ5ªµÈ 2 2  F ˶LwÈì 2LmÈ C 2 ¡{ÈI XN2•sŸ0.96È ¦M uüð Ѧ i uÈ W\ZWM 韦[FéŸ REMO ‡¤ ³UÈ5Û  F¦ “n 8 1989 2008 N5ªÑ REMO º 2 Ý ‡¤\ 5ªM uÈ REMO M uÜI X¦NÅFig. 8 Time series of seasonal mean total precipitation overChina for observations and REMO and their linear trends forthe period of 1989.2008 ç© REMO  F N Ý ‡¤µ 5ªµÈ Ù  ‡T 8ò1 vŒ¦ c XN2• T¶È üÆý ÁnÄn 9Å  W\ BÈóò1 v c XN2•¶t ýBÈëÀ Àëº v c XN2•LÛÈ s 0.85È[ÚÛ ºš š ¡w¦  ÛñÀ 3  3º v c XN2•L¯È Ð 3 À 3º vðD¶¦ c XN2• ¡ÛæëÀº vÈ REMO  FsU ¡{ÈÀºšš ¡w¦  Ûñ\ à ¡¯º vÈ Ã 3 À 3º v REMO ¦ ‡¤  F ð϶5Ûn 9 ÐT 8 ò1 v REMO  F ‡¤ ³U¦ý Án2 ¡Fig. 9 Taylor diagram of the comparation between REMOtotal precipitation and observations over the 8 subregions4 ³ ƒÑ* ƒÔÐZW Ù c X  F ˶ c XN2• IXN2•T¶ M uªe È à ¤T vØ ª U REMOÐT Ò ‡¤¦  F ð 9 ³ ƒ Ã01 1989 2008 NÈ REMO  F¦ ÒÑ5ªµN2 ¡ÛÈ c XN2•º 0.94È ‡¤ c XN2• ¡¯Ä 0.42Å È« ý REMO  ¡ “º  FÐT Ò¦ c Xt„,™È Ò  F ³U ýB«À ‡¤2 ÐTw‡tº v Ò  F ˶ 4 F\È\ q ˶º÷È Ë¶¦ c Xt„2 ¡  È«20018016014012010080605ª5ªM u1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008N‡¤ /mmREMO  FREMO  F¦M u402003.22.82.42.01.61.20.80.400 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 2.0 2.4 2.8 3.20 0.10.20.30.40.50.60.70.80.90.950.99– JµëÀÀëÀÐÀ 3 Ûñ 3N2•T¶ªeNÅwww.climatechange.cnªNÅú ï Ê[292 2016 Ný W\ZWeéŸF REMO¦  F ³U ÊœéŸ  Ûñ9¶ ¡ ýB¦. 4 . 2F¦ Р˶ȯÀ[ÚÛ ºš š ¡w¦ùÈ  FsUN¡¶ À ‡¤È REMO  Fµ ÛÀ5ªµÈ ˶µt„2 ¡  Ûñº v”È ‡Tw‡tºv ˶µ 300 mm® XÈ  Ûñ  MÛñºv ‡¤ ˶ ¡wÈ ÐµÛs 700 mm W9 BÈ  Ûñ 3 À 3º v\”È REMO ¡“ºR™ˆM Ò ‡¤¦ c Xt„,™ÈÀ ëº v  FsUL{3 c X  F ˶º 2t„ƒ È 2 2 Ò ì 2 ‡¤¦  F ˶LmÈì 2 Ò 2 2 ‡¤¦ F ˶LwÈ« ý REMO2 2 Ò ì 2 ‡¤¦  F ð ¡ Èì 2 Ò 2 2 ‡¤¦  F ð ¡ Ñ  4ò 2 ¬ÐÈ  Ûñ¦ Ò  F º ÐË¶È ‡¤ºŸ ˶È8 P ˶— ýBwÀ ñº[Ⱥš š ¡w¦º v REMO  F Ò ‡¤¦ ð϶5Û ÝW àDȺš š ¡wº vÈ Ã  ÛñÈ REMO  FµÑ5ªµ¦ ˶ ¡wÈÐT–Ñ CMIP5¦ 4ò ª U  Ûñ º v¦‡¤  Fµ¶ ̼ ˶ ¡w¦Ú6\21ñz W ¯ 3 ò[ ì ÖC_„uº v5ªÅeÉȺš š ¡wÈ5ª W ¡¯_¯À REMO¤T 8ȹ –•Å[Ä_õyÞ¦ ª,™ º ÙËÃ8èÈï\ÐTë À¦  F ³U ýB«Àà ¡¯¦À 3  3º vÙ_  Ûñº v ¤ ð ï ðI r eÉ°È . ª U  Ûñ¦  F ð õS Ë ÑzOÈ Ã«¦À ÊÐÈ W\Èl‘ }؇[ U¦[FÈW¤ ¦÷2øiÀ Ê REMO  F ‡¤ Ë ¦ƒAÈZW5Û¤ ÝtP rø Û “º š šNÅÈ 5Ûw ±tP r GI ¹«Ð îŽw ¦ c «•ÈøˆMºR™I ¹«Ðw ¦°ïÈW85Û REMO ÐT¦  F ðÂ‡Ö Ì‡¤T ª ÙÐÄ German Climate ComputingCenterÅ  Konsortial\ 5¦ Ù§ü– JÔEg Þ , áCù , å— . ‡ p[ ؇ Uëñ 2 ‡¤  F¦  [J]. w  TÑ , 2008, 32 2 261-276gìƒ , ÛÑ ® , v8L . RegCM3 vØ ª UÐT ª¦  F[J]. ªNÅú ï Ê[ , 2005, 1 3 119-121Dickinson R E, Errico R M, Giorgi F, et al. A regional climate modelfor the western United States [J]. Climatic Change, 1989, 153 383-422Giorgi F, Mearns L O, Shields C, et al. A regional model study of theimportance of local versus remote controls of the 1988 drought and the1993 flood over the central United States[J]. Journal of Climate, 1996, 95 1150-1162Lee D K, Suh M S. Ten-year East Asian summer monsoon simulationusing a regional climate model RegCM2 [J]. Journal of GeophysicalResearch Atmospheres 1984.2012, 2000, 105 D24 29565-29577Liu Y, Avissar R, Giorgi F. Simulation with the regional climate modelRegCM2 of extremely anomalous precipitation during the 1991 East Asianflood an evaluation study [J]. Journal of Geophysical ResearchAtmospheres 1984.2012, 1996, 101 D21 26199-26215Jacob D, Podzun R. Sensitivity studies with the regional climate modelREMO [J]. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 1997, 63 1-2 119-129Renssen H, Isarin R F B, Jacob D, et al. Simulation of the Younger Dryasclimate in Europe using a regional climate model nested in an AGCMpreliminary results [J]. Global and Planetary Change, 2001, 30 1-2 41-57gˆ  , Û÷¬ . vØ ª U REMO ëñ 2 2 ¬NŦ  Fú ï [J]. ªÑÍ ãú ï , 2005, 10 1 41-55Lucas-Picher P, Christensen J H, Saeed F, et al. Can regional climatemodels represent the Indian monsoon [J]. Journal of Hydrometeorology,2011, 12 5 849-868Jacob D, Elizalde A, Haensler A, et al. Assessing the transferability ofthe regional climate model REMO to different coordinated regionalclimate downscaling experiment CORDEX regions [J]. Atmosphere,2012, 3 1 181-199Sein D V, Mikolajewicz U, Groger M, et al. Regionally coupledatmosphere-ocean-sea ice-marine biogeochemistry model ROM 1.Description and validation [J]. Journal of Advances in Modeling EarthSystems, 2015, 7 1 268-304™ì] , § , ¨   , ª . ñÞ vØ ª U2 ¡ Ħ Ê[ [J].ªÑÍ ãú ï , 2004, 9 2 225-239Xu Y, Gao X J, Shen Y, et al. A daily temperature dataset over China andits application in validating a RCM simulation [J]. Advances inAtmospheric Sciences, 2009, 26 4 763-772ò E , ÛÑ ® . CíÅŦÐT vØð ±5ª  Ñ ò ¦2 [J]. º pÿ ÙÑ , 2013, 56 4 1102-1111Majewski D. The Europa-Modell of the Deutscher Wetterdienst [C]// TheEuropa-Modell of the Deutscher Wetterdienst. ECMWF Seminar onnumerical methods in atmospheric models. German Deutscher[1][2][4][3][5][6][7][8][9][11][12][10][14][13][16][15]www.climatechange.cn¸ ÝÃ黅 vØ ª U REMO ÐT Ò ‡¤  F ð¦ à4 ú 293The Assessment of Surface Air Temperature and PrecipitationSimulated by Regional Climate Model REMO over China1 Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Ministry of Education KLME/Joint International ResearchLaboratory of Climate and Environment Change ILECE/ Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast andEvaluation of Meteorological Disasters CIC-FEMD/ Center for Data Assimilation Research and ApplicationCDARA, Nanjing University of Information Sciences 2 Meteorological Bureau of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210008, China; 3 Climate Service Center Germany GERICS,Hamburg 20095, German; 4 Alfred Wegener Institute AWI, Bremerhaven 27568, GermanyAbstract The ability of German regional climate model REMO to simulate the near surface air temperature andtotal precipitation over China
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